H.I.V. Vaccine Advances
New technology could make it easier to monitor and design vaccines against H.I.V. by monitoring how T-cells, key components of the immune system, react to new drugs.
What's the Latest Development?
New technology developed at M.I.T. could make it easier to build an H.I.V. vaccine by effectively monitoring T cells, key components in the immune system: "First, the researchers place single T cells taken from HIV-infected patients into tiny wells on a plate, where they are exposed to HIV-infected cells. The researchers can detect whether the T cells kill the infected cells with probes that glow when the dying cells' nuclei become compromised." The results are highly specific; researchers will know how each individual T cell reacted to the virus.
What's the Big Idea?
To date, one of the major obstacles in building and monitoring an H.I.V. vaccine has been the difficulty in measuring how well T cells are primed by a vaccine to attack the virus. By better monitoring T cells, M.I.T.'s new method could make it easier to monitor and design vaccines against H.I.V. "The appeal of this technology is that it can help us understand more about what's going on in single cells," says Alan Landay, professor of immunology and microbiology at Rush Medical College.
Upstreamism advocate Rishi Manchanda calls us to understand health not as a "personal responsibility" but a "common good."
- Upstreamism tasks health care professionals to combat unhealthy social and cultural influences that exist outside — or upstream — of medical facilities.
- Patients from low-income neighborhoods are most at risk of negative health impacts.
- Thankfully, health care professionals are not alone. Upstreamism is increasingly part of our cultural consciousness.
It marks a major shift in the government's battle against the opioid crisis.
- The nation's sixth-largest drug distributor is facing criminal charges related to failing to report suspicious drug orders, among other things.
- It marks the first time a drug company has faced criminal charges for distributing opioids.
- Since 1997, nearly 222,000 Americans have died from prescription opioids, partly thanks to unethical doctors who abuse the system.
An innovation may lead to lifelike evolving machines.
- Scientists at Cornell University devise a material with 3 key traits of life.
- The goal for the researchers is not to create life but lifelike machines.
- The researchers were able to program metabolism into the material's DNA.
The real Game of Thrones might be who best leverages the hit HBO show to shape political narratives.
- Sen. Elizabeth Warren argues that Game of Thrones is primarily about women in her review of the wildly popular HBO show.
- Warren also touches on other parallels between the show and our modern world, such as inequality, political favoritism of the elite, and the dire impact of different leadership styles on the lives of the people.
- Her review serves as another example of using Game of Thrones as a political analogy and a tool for framing political narratives.
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