"Why...does the term 'parallel society' have such a negative connotation in Germany? Why has multiculturalism utterly failed?" Why should people 'with immigration backgrounds,' as Germans so carefully say, be forced to merge into the society of the majority if they would rather remain among themselves? Only primitive societies that allow no differences of any kind, and dictatorships, which control all aspects of life, are free of parallel societies. Both the Third Reich and communist East Germany, for example, had no such thing. In flexible, changing populations, parallel societies are almost inevitable."