For Gender Equality, Dad and Mom Need Parental Leave

When it comes to starting a family or having additional children, the United States joins Lesotho, Swaziland, and Papua New Guinea as the only countries that don't give parents paid leave.

When it comes to starting a family or having additional children, the United States joins Lesotho, Swaziland, and Papua New Guinea as the only countries that don't give parents paid leave.


It's time for that to change, says Avivah Wittenberg-Cox at the Harvard Business Review, and simply granting mothers paid time off is too little too late. Both parents need downtime from work to effectively share the duties of caring for an infant.

While some companies, like Vodafone, are offering relatively generous maternity leave to American mothers, policies that focus on a specific gender may ultimately make it more difficult to have an equal standing in the workplace:

"The challenge for women is that this reinforces stereotypical gender roles: women are mothers, and men are workers. The growing challenge is that younger generations — including men — seem to be far more family-centric than their elders. They actually want to spend time with their children."

Leaving the creation of parental leave policies up to individual companies, given the gender inequality that dominates levels of upper management, just isn't going to get the job done. Silicon Valley companies like Facebook, Instagram, and Reddit — all run by relatively young executives — offer fathers up to 17 weeks paid leave.

Though perhaps one reason Silicon Valley is so generous with fathers' parental leave is the large gender inequality that exists in the startup industry to begin with. Vivek Wadhwa, fellow at Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University, points out the lack of women in the technology sector and discusses the negative public backlash to his coverage of the issue:

"I started looking around at the composition of Silicon Valley companies, hardly any women. I started looking at the boards of companies, started looking at the websites, no women. And it was a surreal experience. I mean what is going on here? Why aren't there women in Silicon Valley?"

Trusting your instincts is lazy: Poker pro Liv Boeree on Big Think Edge

International poker champion Liv Boeree teaches decision-making for Big Think Edge.

Big Think Edge
  • Learn to make decisions with the clarity of a World Series Poker Champion.
  • Liv Boeree teaches analytical thinking for Big Think Edge.
  • Subscribe to Big Think Edge before we launch on March 30 to get 20% off monthly and annual memberships.
Keep reading Show less

Stress is contagious. Resilience can be too.

The way that you think about stress can actually transform the effect that it has on you – and others.

Big Think Edge
  • Stress is contagious, and the higher up in an organization you are the more your stress will be noticed and felt by others.
  • Kelly McGonigal teaches "Reset your mindset to reduce stress" for Big Think Edge.
  • Subscribe to Big Think Edge before we launch on March 30 to get 20% off monthly and annual memberships.
Keep reading Show less

Five Hawks Down: watch the tragic migration of six Californian raptors

Tracking project establishes northern Argentina is wintering ground of Swainson's hawks

Image: @TrackingTalons / Ruland Kolen
popular
  • Watch these six dots move across the map and be moved yourself: this is a story about coming of age, discovery, hardship, death and survival.
  • Each dot is a tag attached to the talon of a Swainson's Hawk. We follow them on their very first migration, from northern California all the way down to Argentina.
  • After one year, only one is still alive.
Keep reading Show less

5 short podcasts to boost your creativity and success

These quick bursts of inspiration will brighten your day in 10 minutes or less.

Personal Growth

Podcasts can educate us on a variety of topics, but they don't have to last an hour or more to have an impact on the way you perceive the world. Here are five podcasts that will boost your creativity and well-being in 10 minutes or less.

Keep reading Show less