How an HIV Vaccine Could Be the Cure

Researchers at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine have found that an HIV vaccine could work in conjunction with antiretroviral therapies, prepping the immune system to eliminate HIV-1 viruses.

What's the Latest Development?


Researchers at Johns Hopkins have found that a vaccine could work in conjunction with antiretroviral medications to eliminate HIV from patients' bodies. The virus enters a dormant or 'latent' state with antiretroviral treatment but quickly reactivates when the treatments are stopped. In a recent experiment, Dr. Robert F. Siliciano of Johns Hopkins found that a vaccine which boosts the immune response of host T-cells just before antiretroviral treatments are stopped helps the body to eliminate HIV once it becomes reactivated. 

What's the Big Idea?

Antiretroviral therapies, which work by making HIV cells dormant in the body, cannot eliminate the disease, meaning patients must commit to the therapy all their life. This raises concerns over non-compliance and the treatment's financial burden on patients, particularly among those in poor regions of the world where the disease is more prevalent to begin with. Life-long antiretroviral treatment also raises the risk that the HIV-1 virus will mutate and become resistant to treatment, says Siliciano. For this reason, a vaccine may prove essential.

Photo credit: shutterstock.com

NYTimes exposé reveals how Facebook handled scandals

Delay, deny and deflect were the strategies Facebook has used to navigate scandals it's faced in recent years, according to the New York Times.

(Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)
Politics & Current Affairs
  • The exhaustive report is based on interviews with more than 50 people with ties to the company.
  • It outlines how senior executives misled the public and lawmakers in regards to what it had discovered about privacy breaches and Russian interference in U.S. politics.
  • On Thursday, Facebook cut ties with one of the companies, Definers Public Relations, listed in the report.
Keep reading Show less

Russian reporters discover 101 'tortured' whales jammed in offshore pens

Protected animals are feared to be headed for the black market.

(VL.ru)
Politics & Current Affairs
  • Russian news network discovers 101 black-market whales.
  • Orcas and belugas are seen crammed into tiny pens.
  • Marine parks continue to create a high-price demand for illegal captures.
Keep reading Show less

What would happen if America defaulted on its debt?

Sure we know it would be bad, but what do all of these scary numbers really mean?

Politics & Current Affairs
  • At the press time, the value was $21.7 trillion dollars.
  • Lots of people know that a default would be bad, but not everybody seems to get how horrible it would be.
  • While the risk is low, knowing what would happen if a default did occur is important information for all voters.
Keep reading Show less