Diabetes Cures Found?
An inexpensive vaccine normally used against tuberculosis has been found to reverse Type 1 diabetes while dietitians in the U.K. have found an extremely low-calorie diet to reverse Type 2.
What's the Latest Development?
Parallel developments in research may bring sufferers of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes very near a cure. A team of physicians at Massachusetts General Hospital have found a tuberculosis vaccine, called BCG, prevents T cells from destroying insulin-secreting cells, allowing the pancreas to regenerate and begin producing insulin again, curing the disease. Meanwhile, researchers in the U.K. have pioneered an extremely low-calorie diet of just 600 calories a day. In addition to lowering body fat, insulin levels returned to normal. Out of the eleven participants on the diet, seven were diabetes-free just three months later.
What's the Big Idea?
According to Al Jazeera: "More than 300 million people around the world have diabetes, with around 90 per cent of those suffering from the type two version, caused by high levels of glucose in the blood, which is linked to over-eating and obesity. In 2004, about 3.4 million people died as a result from the disease, and deaths from diabetes are expected to double by 2030." The results of the tuberculosis vaccine being tested against Type 1 diabetes contradict an essential paradigm of diabetes therapy—that once the insulin-secreting beta cells of the pancreas have been destroyed, they are gone forever.
How a cataclysm worse than what killed the dinosaurs destroyed 90 percent of all life on Earth.
While the demise of the dinosaurs gets more attention as far as mass extinctions go, an even more disastrous event called "the Great Dying” or the “End-Permian Extinction” happened on Earth prior to that. Now scientists discovered how this cataclysm, which took place about 250 million years ago, managed to kill off more than 90 percent of all life on the planet.
A new study discovers the “liking gap” — the difference between how we view others we’re meeting for the first time, and the way we think they’re seeing us.
We tend to be defensive socially. When we meet new people, we’re often concerned with how we’re coming off. Our anxiety causes us to be so concerned with the impression we’re creating that we fail to notice that the same is true of the other person as well. A new study led by Erica J. Boothby, published on September 5 in Psychological Science, reveals how people tend to like us more in first encounters than we’d ever suspect.
Using advanced laser technology, scientists at NASA will track global changes in ice with greater accuracy.
Leaving from Vandenberg Air Force base in California this coming Saturday, at 8:46 a.m. ET, the Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 — or, the "ICESat-2" — is perched atop a United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket, and when it assumes its orbit, it will study ice layers at Earth's poles, using its only payload, the Advance Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS).
SMARTER FASTER trademarks owned by The Big Think, Inc. All rights reserved.