Computers Diagnose Cancer Better
A computer program has been trained to grade breast cancer, predicting which tumors are associated with worse outcomes and, therefore, deserve more aggressive treatment.
What's the Latest Development?
When Harvard Medical School pathologist Andrew Beck wanted to automate breast cancer diagnosis using a machine called C-Path, he could have programed software to recognize the same characteristics he looks for while examining stained slides of tumor cells in the laboratory. Instead, he let the computer choose what to look for. "Instead of focusing on the tumour cells themselves, C-Path determined that the most predictive features were found in the cells surrounding the tumour, in a region called the stroma."
What's the Big Idea?
The C-Path is a significant step in modernizing the field of pathology, which currently operates similar to how it did one hundred years ago: By examining stained slides of tumor cells under microscopes. Yale pathologist David Rimm hopes C-Path can be used to identify other kinds of cancers "such as prostate and bladder cancer, for which grading tumors reliably has proved difficult for even well-trained human eyes." One advantage of the C-Path system is that it objectifies previously subjective standards.
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Researchers discover a link between nonverbal synchronization and relationship success.
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- Non-verbal clues are very important in the development stages of a relationship.
Humans evolved to live in the cold through a number of environmental and genetic factors.
- According to some relatively new research, many of our early human cousins preceded Homo sapien migrations north by hundreds of thousands or even millions of years.
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The comics titan worked for more than half a century to revolutionize and add nuance to the comics industry, and he built a vast community of fans along the way.
- Lee died shortly after being rushed to an L.A. hospital. He had been struggling with multiple illnesses over the past year, reports indicate.
- Since the 1950s, Lee has been one of the most influential figures in comics, helping to popularize heroes that expressed a level of nuance and self-doubt previously unseen in the industry.
- Lee, who's later years were marked by some financial and legal tumult, is survived by his daughter, Joan Celia "J.C." Lee.
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