Human Behavior and the Maximization of Utility
My idea is that all of our most basic instincts regarding our behavior were selected for because they work to increase some general indicator of our well being.
My idea is that all of our most basic instincts regarding our behavior were selected for because they work to increase some general indicator of our well being, which we can call utility. Thus, I should be able to formulate a model, perhaps using game theory, showing how our behaviors work to maximize utility. Specifically, I am interested in a subset of the choices we make regarding behavior, which would be the set of choices we make regarding how we treat other people; you might call this morality or ethics. In any case, it seems to me that these traits must have been selected for during the early development of our species in order to maximize some indicator of utility, perhaps what biologists call inclusive fitness. I am an economist, so I hope to model these behaviors using game theory or perhaps a maximization with constraints model.
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Even some teachers suffer from anxiety about math.
I teach people how to teach math, and I've been working in this field for 30 years. Across those decades, I've met many people who suffer from varying degrees of math trauma – a form of debilitating mental shutdown when it comes to doing mathematics.
She met mere mortals with and without the Vatican's approval.
- For centuries, the Virgin Mary has appeared to the faithful, requesting devotion and promising comfort.
- These maps show the geography of Marian apparitions – the handful approved by the Vatican, and many others.
- Historically, Europe is where most apparitions have been reported, but the U.S. is pretty fertile ground too.
The legacy of Felix Dzerzhinsky, who led Soviet secret police in the "Red Terror," still confounds Russia.
- Felix Dzerzhinsky led the Cheka, Soviet Union's first secret police.
- The Cheka was infamous for executing thousands during the Red Terror of 1918.
- The Cheka later became the KGB, the spy organization where Russia's President Putin served for years.
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