How does one define morality? Was Kant Right?

People live acording to different moral codes. And asking different people what is moral and what is immoral will ilicit different responces. So how can we ever say what is or is not moral?


Latly i have been readin up on Kant, and he has i think an interesting theory of morality that intrigued me. Now i think different parts of his theory are inconsistent with each other so i will focus on the one deffinition i liked best.

People as ends in themselves. What makes human beings different prom everythin else in the universe (to our knowledge) is that we have ends and we adopt meens to meet those ends (kant did not belive this really aplied to animals but i tend to disagree). This makes us as Kant puts is ends in ourselves, because we instill value upon other things that makes us inherently valuble.  So if people are ends in themselves what ever we instill value upon is our choice and no one can tell us it is moral or imoral. The only definite moral wrong acording to Kants theory is treating people as meens to your own ends. Which basically boils down to making them act agains their will, acting upon them against their will, or fooling them in some way. You can still use people to your own ends but you must make your ends their ends. For instance u get a cab and ask the driver to drive u somwere he agrees and now getting there is also his end, so even though you are using him an hes using you its mutually accepted by both parties.

Basically the only moral obligation we have is to respect other peoples free will.

Now i know this is not the most detailed explanation of the theory, but i would just like to know what you all think about this. 

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Scientists study tattooed corpses, find pigment in lymph nodes

It turns out, that tattoo ink can travel throughout your body and settle in lymph nodes.

17th August 1973: An American tattoo artist working on a client's shoulder. (Photo by F. Roy Kemp/BIPs/Getty Images)
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In the slightly macabre experiment to find out where tattoo ink travels to in the body, French and German researchers recently used synchrotron X-ray fluorescence in four "inked" human cadavers — as well as one without. The results of their 2017 study? Some of the tattoo ink apparently settled in lymph nodes.


Image from the study.

As the authors explain in the study — they hail from Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, and the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment — it would have been unethical to test this on live animals since those creatures would not be able to give permission to be tattooed.

Because of the prevalence of tattoos these days, the researchers wanted to find out if the ink could be harmful in some way.

"The increasing prevalence of tattoos provoked safety concerns with respect to particle distribution and effects inside the human body," they write.

It works like this: Since lymph nodes filter lymph, which is the fluid that carries white blood cells throughout the body in an effort to fight infections that are encountered, that is where some of the ink particles collect.

Image by authors of the study.

Titanium dioxide appears to be the thing that travels. It's a white tattoo ink pigment that's mixed with other colors all the time to control shades.

The study's authors will keep working on this in the meantime.

“In future experiments we will also look into the pigment and heavy metal burden of other, more distant internal organs and tissues in order to track any possible bio-distribution of tattoo ink ingredients throughout the body. The outcome of these investigations not only will be helpful in the assessment of the health risks associated with tattooing but also in the judgment of other exposures such as, e.g., the entrance of TiO2 nanoparticles present in cosmetics at the site of damaged skin."

Photo by Alina Grubnyak on Unsplash
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