Cheating Still Cheating; Bastards Still Bastards
Do today's college students define cheating differently? That's the thesis of this article from the Chronicle of Higher Education, entitled "Cheating and the Generational Divide." The author claims that a recent scandal at the University of Central Florida exposes a "widening chasm in what different generations expect of each other -- and what they perceive cheating to be."
According to the article, at over 200 out of 600 students in a business class obtained an advance copy of the midterm. Somehow the instructor found out and offered to let students off relatively easy if they admitted they saw the test in advance. About 200 fessed up. At least 15 others did not come forward, got caught, and were much more severely punished.
The author goes on to say that there's some debate about whether the students were actually cheating. It doesn't sound like a generational divide about the nature of cheating. It sounds like some key facts are under dispute.
A student bought the test from the publisher's website, according to ABC News.
Obviously, if s/he billed the test as the real midterm, then everyone involved is a cheater.
However, many students said they didn't realize that they were looking at the real midterm. They said they thought it was just another practice test. Practice tests aren't exactly rare in college. My professors were always handing out copies of old exams and practice questions. My college bookstore sold xeroxed booklets of old exams and problems alongside the textbooks. Publishers figured out that they could squeeze an extra $30 out of the keeners by selling extra practice problem books separately. It was totally on the up-and-up.
The instructor announced, on tape, that he was going to write the midterm himself. So, that lends some credence to the students' protestations of innocence. Experts quoted in the article say that students should have known something was up because the test came from other students, rather than the instructor. But why should they have been suspicious? The instructor said he was writing his own exam. There's nothing unusual or inappropriate about students passing around study materials.
If the student who bought the test thought they were cheating, why would they pass the test around to all their friends? If the goal was cheating, sharing would defeat the purpose.
After the story made national headlines, ABC interviewed a UCF student about his reaction to the scandal. There's no indication that he was a student in the class:
UCF student Konstantin Ravvin told ABC News he thought UCF’s so-called cheating scandal had been blown out of proportion.
“This is college, everyone cheats. Everyone cheats in life in general,” Ravvin told ABC News. “I just think you’d be hard pressed to find anyone in this testing lab who hasn’t cheated on an exam. They’re making a witch hunt out of absolutely nothing, as if they want to teach us some sort of moral lesson.”
Konstantin Ravvin gives every indication of being a total jerk, but the younger generation doesn't have a monopoly in selfish and irresponsible behavior. (Cf. subprime mortgage crisis.)
I don't want to blame the instructor for changing his mind and using the canned test, but it seems as if he's blaming his students for the unfortunate consequences of his decision. I'm he's extremely busy, like most university instructors. Sometimes real life gets in the way our high-minded aspirations and we order pizza instead of making dinner from scratch, or use the canned exam from the textbook. It's not a big deal. Those tests aren't secure, which is why instructors shouldn't rely on them. But when the exam turned out to be compromised, he blamed his students instead of just chalking it up to experience and giving a new midterm. That seems unreasonable on his part.
[Photo credit: Night Owl City, Creative Commons.]
Here's the science of black holes, from supermassive monsters to ones the size of ping-pong balls.
- There's more than one way to make a black hole, says NASA's Michelle Thaller. They're not always formed from dead stars. For example, there are teeny tiny black holes all around us, the result of high-energy cosmic rays slamming into our atmosphere with enough force to cram matter together so densely that no light can escape.
- CERN is trying to create artificial black holes right now, but don't worry, it's not dangerous. Scientists there are attempting to smash two particles together with such intensity that it creates a black hole that would live for just a millionth of a second.
- Thaller uses a brilliant analogy involving a rubber sheet, a marble, and an elephant to explain why different black holes have varying densities. Watch and learn!
- Bonus fact: If the Earth became a black hole, it would be crushed to the size of a ping-pong ball.
Military recruits are supposed to be assessed to see whether they're fit for service. What happens when they're not?
- During the Vietnam War, Robert McNamara began a program called Project 100,000.
- The program brought over 300,000 men to Vietnam who failed to meet minimum criteria for military service, both physically and mentally.
- Project 100,000 recruits were killed in disproportionate numbers and fared worse after their military service than their civilian peers, making the program one of the biggest—and possibly cruelest—mistakes of the Vietnam War.
In a breakthrough for nuclear fusion research, scientists at China's Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor have produced temperatures necessary for nuclear fusion on Earth.
- The EAST reactor was able to heat hydrogen to temperatures exceeding 100 million degrees Celsius.
- Nuclear fusion could someday provide the planet with a virtually limitless supply of clean energy.
- Still, scientists have many other obstacles to pass before fusion technology becomes a viable energy source.
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