Subglacial eruption starting at Iceland's Grímsvötn
I write the Eruptions blog on Big Think. I've been mesmerized with volcanoes (and geology) all my life. It helps that part of my family comes from the shadow of Nevado del Ruiz in Colombia, where I could see first hand the deadly effects of volcanic eruptions. Since then, I've taken a bit of a winding path to become a volcanologist. I started as a history major at Williams College, almost went into radio, but ended up migrating to geology, including an undergraduate thesis on Vinalhaven Island, Maine. I followed this up by changing coast to get my Ph.D. from Oregon State University. Then I ran a MC-ICP-MS lab at University of Washington for a spell (and wrote for an indie rock website). I spent three years as a postdoctoral scholar at University of California - Davis studying the inner workings of magmatic systems. I am now an assistant professor at Denison University and have projects in New Zealand, Chile and Oregon.
I am fascinated by volcanoes, their eruptions and how those eruptions interact with the people who live around the volcanoes. I started this blog after getting frustrated with the news reports of volcanic eruptions. Most of them get the information wrong and/or are just sensationalistic. I will try to summarize eruptions as they occur, translate some of the volcanic processes that are happening and comment on the reports themselves.
And no matter what people tell you, I definitely do not have a cat named Tephra. (OK, I do).
You can find out more about my research by visiting my website. If you have any comments, questions or information, feel free to contact me at eruptionsblog at gmail dot com.
Well, it looks like Iceland is going to be in the news again this summer. Jon Frimann and others noted a sharp increase in seismicity under the Vatnajökull icecap at Grímsvötn today and MBL.is has confirmed that if an eruption hasn't already begun under the icecap, then one is likely to be starting soon (in Icelandic, use Google Translate at your risk) according to geologist Louw Sveinbjörnsson. UPDATE: There is confirmation of an ash and steam plume possibly reaching 1.8 km / ~6,000 feet above the volcano (see images below), but again, the details are scant. The eruption itself appears to be from the Grímsfjall Crater. There is very little news that I can find in English for this event - but hopefully Jon and any one else in Iceland can keep us appraised with what is going on in Iceland. The danger now will be from jokulklaups within the next 10-12 hours draining to the south or ash disrupting air travel in and around Iceland.
UPDATE 4:35 PM (Eastern): Icelandic officials and volcanologists will head out tomorrow morning (Icelandic) to overfly to inspect the area. However, a group near the volcano (Icelandic) will try to collect some samples of the ash. Police have also monitoring roads that could be hit by jokulhlaups. Also, currently the plume shows up impressively on satellite infrared images of Iceland.
Also, be sure to check the Icelandic Met Office page for more information as it comes it.
UPDATE 5:05 PM (Eastern): Definitely, an impressive plume reaching 5.5-6 km / 18,000-20,000 feet according to MBL.is (see below).
UPDATE 6:00 PM (Eastern): Air traffic has been banned in a radius of ~200 km / 120 miles around the volcano (Icelandic) and any air traffic over Iceland will be routed south tonight. The eruption seems to be larger (Icelandic) than in 2004 as well.
UPDATE 6:15 PM (Eastern): First video of the eruption - this from an aircraft (special thanks to Jon Frimann for tracking it down.) (see more updates below)
Webcams: You can also see the plume on this Mila.is webcam (when its working; far left). You might be able to catch a glimpse on this webcam as well (far right). Here are some more webcams - check out Lomagnupor.
The plume from Grímsvötn seen on May 21, 2011 (middle of image, on horizon on top image)
Earlier this year, there were some predictions of an eruption under Vatnajökull made by Icelandic geologists that were quickly retracted as well. Grímsvötn last erupted in 2004 (see top left), with some impressive plumes produced by the eruption melting through the Vatnajökull icecap under which the volcano sits. You can check out my post on Vatnajökull (and the 7 volcanoes under the icecap) to find out about volcanism in that region of Iceland - and see the details of the jokulhlaup that occurred at Grímsvötn last fall that was not believed to be related to a subglacial eruption of the volcano.
I'll continue to update this post as I find out more - and whether this eruption under Grímsvötn has been confirmed.
UPDATE 6:20 PM: Here are a couple satellite and radar images that show the ash plume pretty clearly. The top image is from the Icelandic Met Office.
UPDATE 6:45 PM (Eastern): A report on some ash fall (Icelandic) in villages near the volcano as well. The plume itself has now reached as high as 15 km / ~49,000 feet, putting this still below or just about a Plinian column in height. However, Icelandic officials have been quick to say (and rightly so) that this eruption shares little in common with the Eyjafjallajokull eruption from 2010 - likely this eruption will have little-to-no effect on global or European air travel. (Oh yeah, and it has nothing to do with the end of the world.)