New explosions at Kirishima shatter windows 8 km away - and its all caught on webcams!
I write the Eruptions blog on Big Think. I've been mesmerized with volcanoes (and geology) all my life. It helps that part of my family comes from the shadow of Nevado del Ruiz in Colombia, where I could see first hand the deadly effects of volcanic eruptions. Since then, I've taken a bit of a winding path to become a volcanologist. I started as a history major at Williams College, almost went into radio, but ended up migrating to geology, including an undergraduate thesis on Vinalhaven Island, Maine. I followed this up by changing coast to get my Ph.D. from Oregon State University. Then I ran a MC-ICP-MS lab at University of Washington for a spell (and wrote for an indie rock website). I spent three years as a postdoctoral scholar at University of California - Davis studying the inner workings of magmatic systems. I am now an assistant professor at Denison University and have projects in New Zealand, Chile and Oregon.
I am fascinated by volcanoes, their eruptions and how those eruptions interact with the people who live around the volcanoes. I started this blog after getting frustrated with the news reports of volcanic eruptions. Most of them get the information wrong and/or are just sensationalistic. I will try to summarize eruptions as they occur, translate some of the volcanic processes that are happening and comment on the reports themselves.
And no matter what people tell you, I definitely do not have a cat named Tephra. (OK, I do).
You can find out more about my research by visiting my website. If you have any comments, questions or information, feel free to contact me at eruptionsblog at gmail dot com.
The calendar has turned to February, campus is closed because we're encased in ice and we're all still watching Kirishima. Yesterday, the volcano produced another impressive explosion (video), one that broke windows as far as 8 km from the volcano. All of this new explosive activity (video) has prompted Japanese officials to extend the exclusion zone around the volcano to 4 km (out from 2 km) as these new explosions have hurled ash, tephra and bombs upwards of 2 km from the crater. The danger for pyroclastic flows is still though to be within 3 km of the crater. There has been significant ash fall on some of the towns (Japanese) surrounding the volcano, as much as 10 cm in some places. However, volcano alert status (Japanese) continues to be level 3. Not surprisingly, the explosion destroyed part of the new dome growing in the Shinmoe-dake Crater and it could even be pressure building under the dome that lead to the large explosion (but that is speculation).
The latest press release (Japanese) from the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology says that this eruption of Kirishima is already 9 times larger than the 1959 eruption of the volcano, with over 70 million tonnes of ash and tephra erupted. You can begin to get an idea of the ash fallout as well, with a very heavily hit zone to the southeast of the volcano, as much as 10 kg/m2 upwards of 20 km from the Shinmoe-dake crater (see map below). You can also check out some images of bombs from the explosion in the latest update (Japanese) from the Japanese Meteorological Agency. UPDATE: Here is an NASA Earth Observatory image of the eruption as well, showing the plume towering over the surrounding clouds.
Ash fallout distribution, released by the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology.
Eruptions webcam watchers did an excellent job as capturing the explosion as it happened - from multiple webcams no less - see the images below for before/after shots of the explosion.
Three images captured by Eruptions reader Raving on February 1, 2011
Kirishima at 7:52 local time with minor dust in the air.
Kirishima two minutes later, at 7:54 local time. Note the large ash cloud both expanding upwards and outwards from the Shinmoe-dake crater.
Kirishima two minutes after the explosion as the ash begins to disperse.
Two images captured by me on February 1, 2011
Kirishima at 7:56 local time after producing a large explosion. This might be the most textbook mushroom-shaped volcanic plume I've seen.
Kirishima and the Shinmoe-dake cone from the same vantage point less than an hour later.
Throughout the day, other explosions have been caught on webcam by Eruptions readers - one at 15:36 local time by Matt B., another at 23:20 on February 1 by Raving and Pgen Pgen (see below). Heck you can watch most of the days activity in great time lapse videos of the activity by Matt B.
Webcam capture of an explosive eruption at Kirishima, taken at 23:20 on February 1, 2011 by Eruptions reader Raving.
Top left: The dome growing within the Shinmoe-dake Crater at Kirishima as seen on February 1, 2011. Click on image to see larger version.
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