What Independence Needs: A Quick Holiday Quiz

Key logic in America’s founding documents is now too often neglected. Do you know what “the Declaration” lists as the first justification for America’s Independence?

What Independence Needs: A Quick Holiday Quiz


Key logic in America’s founding documents is now too often neglected. Here’s a quick 4th of July quiz:

1. What does “the Declaration” list as the first justification for America’s Independence?

2. What does the Constitution define as government’s role after providing for “the common defense” and before securing “the Blessings of Liberty”?

3. The Founders knew that no nation is the sum of its private interests. Unless those interests correctly include their dependence on answers to those two questions above.

4. The answer to 1: A tyrannous king was obstructing “Laws… necessary for the public good.”

5. The answer to 2: Government’s role is to “promote the general Welfare.”

6. The Founders felt their logic of common defense applied equally to the “public good.”

7. Tocqueville said Americans knew how to “combat individualism by the principle of interest rightly understood.”

8. In the 1830s it seemed self-evident that there was a “close connection between the private fortune of each and the prosperity of all."

9. This “incline[d Americans] willingly to sacrifice a portion of their time and property to the welfare of the state.”

10. National independence logically requires domestic interdependence (all private success is built atop a platform of the “public good”).

11. The Founders knew that practical liberty is a government program (it can’t be secured privately).

12. Ask yourself, is America being run for “the people”? Or mostly for the benefit of a happy few?

 

 

Illustration by Julia Suits, The New Yorker Cartoonist & author of The Extraordinary Catalog of Peculiar Inventions.

 

Golden blood: The rarest blood in the world

We explore the history of blood types and how they are classified to find out what makes the Rh-null type important to science and dangerous for those who live with it.

What is the rarest blood type?

Abid Katib/Getty Images
Surprising Science
  • Fewer than 50 people worldwide have 'golden blood' — or Rh-null.
  • Blood is considered Rh-null if it lacks all of the 61 possible antigens in the Rh system.
  • It's also very dangerous to live with this blood type, as so few people have it.
Keep reading Show less

How space debris created the world’s largest garbage dump

Since 1957, the world's space agencies have been polluting the space above us with countless pieces of junk, threatening our technological infrastructure and ability to venture deeper into space.

Space debris orbiting Earth

Framestock via Adobe Stock
Technology & Innovation
  • Space debris is any human-made object that's currently orbiting Earth.
  • When space debris collides with other space debris, it can create thousands more pieces of junk, a dangerous phenomenon known as the Kessler syndrome.
  • Radical solutions are being proposed to fix the problem, some of which just might work. (See the video embedded toward the end of the article.)
Keep reading Show less

Looking for something? A team at MIT develop a robot that sees through walls

It uses radio waves to pinpoint items, even when they're hidden from view.

TORU YAMANAKA/AFP via Getty Images
Technology & Innovation
In recent years, robots have gained artificial vision, touch, and even smell.
Keep reading Show less
Quantcast