Shanghai The Chinese economy could finally be showing signs of cooling. Already, Chinese government officials have publicly warned that annual economic growth rates could soon dip below 8%, and most of the talking heads on business channel CNBC think that China's economy will only hold up through the 2008 Beijing Olympics. According to Edmund Phelps, the 2006 Nobel Prize winner in economics, China needs to emphasize innovation if it hopes to maintain a steady pace of economic growth in the future:

"The way to avoid stagnation and sluggish growth that have plagued Europe for the past decades is to ensure the economy can be innovative and encourages entrepreneurship, he said. Phelps said China's education system should be more geared towards encouraging innovative thinking, while the country's legal framework needs to become more supportive of entrepreneurial activity. "It's got to be easy to start a company, have governmental support, legal support," Phelps, who is a professor of political economy at Columbia University in New York, said.

China's financial sector also had a way to go before it reaches a level of expertise needed to evaluate innovative projects, he said. Phelps said demand for sophisticated technologies has not yet reached the critical mass China needs to catch up with top industrialised nations. "The increase in the stock of capital that's invested in sophisticated industry in China -- to bring China to the high-tech level of the United States -- is muted because there isn't the consumer demand there for it right away," Phelps said.

[image: Shanghai at night]