Two years ago, the Swiss Federal commission for HIV/AIDS released a controversial statement indicating that people who are HIV-positive and on regular antiretroviral therapy do not transmit the disease through sex. This declaration, the first of its kind from any official government organization, was based on four different studies of the effect of transmission rates between serodiscordant couples (one has HIV, the other does not). In each study, there were no instances of transmission among people used their antiretrovirals correctly.
As physician and AIDS activist Paul Bellman explains below, this news could help to de-stigmatize the disease. The public needs to know not only that people with HIV are capable of living reasonably healthy lives, but also that they are not in any way an intrinsic danger to anyone else, he says.
The United States has yet to adopt as progressive a position as the Swiss government for fear that it might relax safer sex practices. But when it comes to public health, should there be one truth for the masses and another for the initiated?
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Even some teachers suffer from anxiety about math.
I teach people how to teach math, and I've been working in this field for 30 years. Across those decades, I've met many people who suffer from varying degrees of math trauma – a form of debilitating mental shutdown when it comes to doing mathematics.
She met mere mortals with and without the Vatican's approval.
- For centuries, the Virgin Mary has appeared to the faithful, requesting devotion and promising comfort.
- These maps show the geography of Marian apparitions – the handful approved by the Vatican, and many others.
- Historically, Europe is where most apparitions have been reported, but the U.S. is pretty fertile ground too.
The legacy of Felix Dzerzhinsky, who led Soviet secret police in the "Red Terror," still confounds Russia.
- Felix Dzerzhinsky led the Cheka, Soviet Union's first secret police.
- The Cheka was infamous for executing thousands during the Red Terror of 1918.
- The Cheka later became the KGB, the spy organization where Russia's President Putin served for years.
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