'Complexity implies design and therefore creation' is basically the creationist's point. 'How can all this (usually indicating a natural phenomenon that inspires awe or an organism that appears particular well suited to its environment) have come about by chance it must be design?'
To unpick this question requires a more than superficial understanding of what we mean by complexity, design and chance.
Think of chance and one thinks of throwing a couple of dice and extrapolates this to 'let's throw atoms into the air and isn't it unlikely that they fall into a complex pattern like an animal?' Thinking of chance on a human timescale is not comparable to a spacetime scale of 13 billion years and 100 billion light years. It requires a good grasp of non-intuitive probability theory to really understand this.
Think of design and we have a person labouring away over schematics putting bits together - a watchmaker.
Our only understanding of creation and design is an evolutionary process. No human designed thing springs fully formed from the mind. We are inspired by things we see, we manipulate the environment we try things out, we modify sometimes over generations of use and gradually design improves. Our understanding of design is much more like evolution than it is like spontaneous creation. Creation and design are simply misnomers; they give the appearance of explaining something when in fact they do not.
Complexity: we have nothing to compare anything to. Every element of the universe is complex to a degree beyond our understanding. Since everything is complex we have nothing to compare degrees of complexity to. Thus it is meaningless to assert that complexity is an indicator of anything.
We regard things as complex because we can't understand and duplicate them. Why should we be able to and why does our failing imply anything? As technology progresses we regard more things as comprehensible. A computer with its software would be unfathomably complex to a person of a 100 years ago. The human genome was incomprehensibly complex fifty years ago. We progress, complexity unwinds.
Antimicrobial resistance is growing worldwide, rendering many "work horse" medicines ineffective. Without intervention, drug-resistant pathogens could lead to millions of deaths by 2050. Thankfully, companies like Pfizer are taking action.
- Antimicrobial-resistant pathogens are one of the largest threats to global health today.
- As we get older, our immune systems age, increasing our risk of life threatening infections. Without reliable antibiotics, life expectancy could decline for the first time in modern history.
- If antibiotics become ineffective, common infections could result in hospitalization or even death. Life-saving interventions like cancer treatments and organ transplantation would become more difficult, more often resulting in death. Routine procedures would become hard to perform.
- Without intervention, resistant pathogens could result in 10 million annual deaths by 2050.
- By taking a multi-faceted approach—inclusive of adherence to good stewardship, surveillance and responsible manufacturing practices, as well as an emphasis on prevention and treatment—companies like Pfizer are fighting to help curb the spread.
Long hidden under trees, it's utterly massive
Progressive America would be half as big, but twice as populated as its conservative twin.
- America's two political tribes have consolidated into 'red' and 'blue' nations, with seemingly irreconcilable differences.
- Perhaps the best way to stop the infighting is to go for a divorce and give the two nations a country each
- Based on the UN's partition plan for Israel/Palestine, this proposal provides territorial contiguity and sea access to both 'red' and 'blue' America
Christmas has many pagan and secular traditions that early Christians incorporated into this new holiday.
- Christmas was heavily influenced by the Roman festival of Saturnalia.
- The historical Jesus was not born on December 25th as many contemporary Christians believe.
- Many staple Christmas traditions predated the festival and were tied into ancient pagan worship of the sun and related directly to the winter solstice.
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