'Complexity implies design and therefore creation' is basically the creationist's point. 'How can all this (usually indicating a natural phenomenon that inspires awe or an organism that appears particular well suited to its environment) have come about by chance it must be design?'
To unpick this question requires a more than superficial understanding of what we mean by complexity, design and chance.
Think of chance and one thinks of throwing a couple of dice and extrapolates this to 'let's throw atoms into the air and isn't it unlikely that they fall into a complex pattern like an animal?' Thinking of chance on a human timescale is not comparable to a spacetime scale of 13 billion years and 100 billion light years. It requires a good grasp of non-intuitive probability theory to really understand this.
Think of design and we have a person labouring away over schematics putting bits together - a watchmaker.
Our only understanding of creation and design is an evolutionary process. No human designed thing springs fully formed from the mind. We are inspired by things we see, we manipulate the environment we try things out, we modify sometimes over generations of use and gradually design improves. Our understanding of design is much more like evolution than it is like spontaneous creation. Creation and design are simply misnomers; they give the appearance of explaining something when in fact they do not.
Complexity: we have nothing to compare anything to. Every element of the universe is complex to a degree beyond our understanding. Since everything is complex we have nothing to compare degrees of complexity to. Thus it is meaningless to assert that complexity is an indicator of anything.
We regard things as complex because we can't understand and duplicate them. Why should we be able to and why does our failing imply anything? As technology progresses we regard more things as comprehensible. A computer with its software would be unfathomably complex to a person of a 100 years ago. The human genome was incomprehensibly complex fifty years ago. We progress, complexity unwinds.
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Here are 7 often-overlooked World Heritage Sites, each with its own history.
- UNESCO World Heritage Sites are locations of high value to humanity, either for their cultural, historical, or natural significance.
- Some are even designated as World Heritage Sites because humans don't go there at all, while others have felt the effects of too much human influence.
- These 7 UNESCO World Heritage Sites each represent an overlooked or at-risk facet of humanity's collective cultural heritage.
Famous physicists like Richard Feynman think 137 holds the answers to the Universe.
- The fine structure constant has mystified scientists since the 1800s.
- The number 1/137 might hold the clues to the Grand Unified Theory.
- Relativity, electromagnetism and quantum mechanics are unified by the number.
A new method promises to capture an elusive dark world particle.
- Scientists working on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) devised a method for trapping dark matter particles.
- Dark matter is estimated to take up 26.8% of all matter in the Universe.
- The researchers will be able to try their approach in 2021, when the LHC goes back online.
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