Surprising Science

Neurologists learned about how emotion originates in the brain from people like Phineas Gage, who had a spike driven into his head. By learning about the specific impairment of a range of emotions, scientists learned the origins of how brains feel things.

Surprising Science

From a neural standpoint, memory structures "are in of themselves rather dumb," says Damasio. "It’s not that they know anything consciously. What they know is they have a sort of internal testimony of the simultaneous occurrence of certain things at a certain point."

Surprising Science

"We do have a measure of control," says Damasio, "but it is not true that we have full control and it is not true that when we are executing an action we are necessarily controlling it at that moment consciously."