The Center for Disease Control has published research that shows a dramatic 25% increase in suicide rates since 1999. Half of all U.S. states experienced an increase of more than 30%.
The research also makes clear that in more than half of those deaths, the individuals were not diagnosed with a mental health condition. It’s a hidden problem for many people.
According to Dr. Anne Schuchat, principal deputy director of the CDC:
"These findings are disturbing. Suicide is one of the top 10 causes of death in the US right now, and it's one of three causes that is actually increasing recently, so we do consider it a public health problem—and something that is all around us." Alzheimer's and drug overdoses are the other two causes that are on the rise, according to Schuchat.
In the year 2016 alone, 45,000 people died from suicide and Schuchat warned, “Our data show the problem is getting worse.”
As shown in the map below from the CDC, Nevada is the only state that did not experience an increase in the rate of suicide—though it’s still high at an average of 22 per 1,000 during years in the study period.
Image via CDC.
Also in that map is a clear pattern of high suicide rates in the Plains and Mountain states; this is partly due to lack of access to mental health professionals as well as a stigma about mental illness in rural counties but notably also a lack of access to good jobs and economic success.
"We don't have all the answers. There may be several, but we knew that economic factors can increase the risk of suicide and that limited access to care, behavioral and social services may also increase the risk of suicide," Schuchat said.
- There is a gender factor that really shows in this study. While the suicide rate increased in women, it’s still 3 to 5 times higher in men.
- Veterans are also a key part of the demographics; while veterans make up only 8.5% of the population, they are 18% of adult suicides.
- Middle-age adults had the highest increase in suicides. Though it’s not clear why, there are some hints that the economic effects of the Great Recession of 2008 could be partly responsible.
SAN FRANCISCO - OCTOBER 10: A sign for an emergency phone is seen on the span of the Golden Gate Bridge October 10, 2008 in San Francisco, California. (Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)
Sometimes when a famous person is in the news after committing suicide, there’s a tendency for people—especially fans—to want to do it themselves. Dubbed the Werther Effect, it’s very real. It also can happen when a close friend or family member commits suicide.