Happy Arkhipov Day, Everybody
Today is the 47th anniversary of the day a courageous Soviet submarine officer, Vasili Arkhipov, probably saved the world from nuclear armageddon.
On October 27, 1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, U.S. Navy destroyers were trying to force Arkhipov's submarine to surface near Cuba. The captain was ready to retaliate by firing a nuclear-armed torpedo.
Three officers -- captain, political officer and Arkhipov, who was second officer -- had to agree to launch the weapon. The other two officers favored using the nuke, which could very well have started World War III. Arkhipov refused to go along, so the submarine surfaced instead.
Being one person against two is not easy. Even judges on U.S. appellate courts appear swayed by the dynamic, for instance. According to this paper by Cass Sunstein, on the three-judge panels that decide most U.S. Court of Appeals cases, judges appointed by Democratic presidents are more likely to vote like Republicans if the other two panelists were appointed by a Republican, and Republicans are more likely to vote like Democrats when the situation is reversed).
For resisting the urge to fire back at people who were dropping depth charges on him, for declining to be swayed by his military and ideological indocrination, Arkhipov deserves to be remembered on the anniversay of the day when his decision might well have saved civilization.
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A growing body of research shows promising signs that the keto diet might be able to improve mental health.
- The keto diet is known to be an effective tool for weight loss, however its effects on mental health remain largely unclear.
- Recent studies suggests that the keto diet might be an effective tool for treating depression, and clearing up so-called "brain fog," though scientists caution more research is necessary before it can be recommended as a treatment.
- Any experiments with the keto diet are best done in conjunction with a doctor, considering some people face problems when transitioning to the low-carb diet.
The Harvard psychologist loves reading authors' rules for writing. Here are his own.
- Steven Pinker is many things: linguist, psychologist, optimist, Harvard professor, and author.
- When it comes to writing, he's a student and a teacher.
- Here's are his 13 rules for writing better, more simply, and more clearly.
Thinking your life is worthwhile is correlated with a variety of positive outcomes.
- A new study finds that adults who feel their lives are meaningful have better health and life outcomes.
- Adults who felt their lives were worthwhile tended to be more social and had healthier habits.
- The findings could be used to help improve the health of older adults.
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