The Rich Are Guinea Pigs for Biotechnology
There’s no doubt that there’s going to be an international market for biotechnologies. And you’re going to have consumers going from one place to another trying to find enhancement technologies. But the good news for that, I think, is that they’re not very good. So what’s going to actually end up happening is that the wealthy are going to end up being the guinea pigs. That is, they’re going to go out and buy this stuff. They’re going to be adopters and then we’re going to perfect those technologies on the backs of the people who can afford them.
By the time they trickle down to the average person, they’ll be cheaper and more effective. It’s one of the ironies of these kinds of technologies. We tend to think that we test everything on the poor, but actually, there are a lot of things we test out on the wealthy because when they first come out they’re too expensive for the poor to get.
And cellphones were a good example. The original cellphones were awful. And the modern cellphone is a thousand times better and it was the wealthy that spent a lot of money on those early cellphones who were the guinea pigs for early cellphones. And so, there is a kind of justice in some of this.
But it’s also true that as some of these technologies at least develop, they will be out of the range of affordability for large swaths of people all over the world. And wealthier countries are going to have them first. Wealthier people are going to have them first. I don’t really think they confer so much of an advantage, at least the ones we have now. Our attention enhancing drugs are only moderately effective. Our mood-altering drugs are only moderately effective. So I’m not sure that they will confer as great an advantage as people worry that they will.
But eventually, as they become more sophisticated and more reliable, I think actually the price will come down quickly and they’ll be available to everybody.
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A NASA astronomer explains how astronauts dispose of their, uh, dark matter.
- When nature calls in micro-gravity, astronauts must answer. Space agencies have developed suction-based toilets – with a camera built in to ensure all the waste is contained before "flushing".
- Yes, there have been floaters in space. The early days of space exploration were a learning curve!
- Amazingly, you don't need gravity to digest food. Peristalsis, the process by which your throat and intestines squeeze themselves, actually moves food and water through your digestive system without gravity at all.
She met mere mortals with and without the Vatican's approval.
- For centuries, the Virgin Mary has appeared to the faithful, requesting devotion and promising comfort.
- These maps show the geography of Marian apparitions – the handful approved by the Vatican, and many others.
- Historically, Europe is where most apparitions have been reported, but the U.S. is pretty fertile ground too.
A growing body of research shows promising signs that the keto diet might be able to improve mental health.
- The keto diet is known to be an effective tool for weight loss, however its effects on mental health remain largely unclear.
- Recent studies suggests that the keto diet might be an effective tool for treating depression, and clearing up so-called "brain fog," though scientists caution more research is necessary before it can be recommended as a treatment.
- Any experiments with the keto diet are best done in conjunction with a doctor, considering some people face problems when transitioning to the low-carb diet.
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