On This Day in 1356, a Major Earthquake Destroyed the Town of Basel, Switzerland
Today is the 658th anniversary of the most significant seismic event in the record history of Central Europe. A magnitude 7.0 earthquake decimated the Swiss town of Basel and leveled every church within 30 km.
Major seismic activity is rare in the areas of Europe north of the Alps, yet on this date in 1356, a huge earthquake decimated the region and left the Swiss town of Basel in ruins. Over a thousand people perished in the destruction. Every church within 30 km of Basel was reduced to rubble. It's said the quake could be felt as far as Paris.
As Switzerland sits upon an active fault, the country has spent years preparing for a potential catastrophic quake. A major geothermal project was abandoned a few years back for cautionary reasons amidst fears of unwanted seismic repercussions. Switzerland's earthquake risk is considered average to moderate relative to other seismically volatile world regions.
The above image is the work of 19th-century Swiss painter Karl Jauslin, who has been written about plenty in the German language yet is virtually unknown in the English-speaking world. Jauslin's body of work consisted mostly of paintings depicting notable events in Swiss history. I've included a few below.
The Assassination of Swiss Reformation Leader Huldrych Zwingli in 1531
The 1339 Siege of Solothurn
The 1386 Battle of Sempach
For more of Jauslin's work, visit his page on WikiCommons.
Malcolm Gladwell teaches "Get over yourself and get to work" for Big Think Edge.
- Learn to recognize failure and know the big difference between panicking and choking.
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It's one of the most consistent patterns in the unviverse. What causes it?
- Spinning discs are everywhere – just look at our solar system, the rings of Saturn, and all the spiral galaxies in the universe.
- Spinning discs are the result of two things: The force of gravity and a phenomenon in physics called the conservation of angular momentum.
- Gravity brings matter together; the closer the matter gets, the more it accelerates – much like an ice skater who spins faster and faster the closer their arms get to their body. Then, this spinning cloud collapses due to up and down and diagonal collisions that cancel each other out until the only motion they have in common is the spin – and voila: A flat disc.
Both panoramic and detailed, this infographic manages to show both the size and distribution of world religions.
- At a glance, this map shows both the size and distribution of world religions.
- See how religions mix at both national and regional level.
- There's one country in the Americas without a Christian majority – which?
Do you have a magnetic compass in your head?
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