As chief strategist/consumer education for Charles Schwab & Co. Inc., Schwab-Pomerantz is a leading advocate for individual investors. She speaks and writes extensively about personal finance issues and is a driving force in the movement to improve financial literacy in America. As president of the Charles Schwab Foundation, she also oversees the company's philanthropic strategy and resources.
With her father, company founder, chairman and CEO Charles R. Schwab, Schwab-Pomerantz co-authored "It Pays to Talk: How to Have the Essential Conversations With Your Family About Money and Investing," which Publishers Weekly called "a well-rounded primer that provides one-stop shopping for the many phases of financial understanding and planning."
Schwab-Pomerantz is a sought-after speaker whose public appearances have included appearances on "The Today Show," CNBC and NPR. In 2001, Working Woman magazine recognized her as one of four “Market Movers” in America who are “rewriting the rules of finance,” and she was also recognized as one of the “25 power Elite” in the financial services industry by Investment News. For four consecutive years, The San Francisco Business Times has named her one of the San Francisco Bay Area’s 100 Most Influential Women in Business.
A graduate of the University of California, Berkeley, with a bachelor’s degree in Political Science, Schwab-Pomerantz later earned a master’s degree in business administration from George Washington University. She holds NASD Series 7, 63 and 8 registrations.
Question: When should people start to invest?
Carrie Schwab: I have teenage boys. I started investing with them, when they were twelve years old. So, ideally the best time is when they are teenagers.
I am big believer that those people who have been exposed to investing in an early age are going to be much more comfortable with the whole process as adults.
Ideally parents start teaching their kids when they are teenagers. Open up a custodian brokerage account. Help them choose stocks and mutual funds and watch them; to be a part of the process.
But that is not always the case, because what we found from our studies is that so many adults are not equipped to make sound financial decisions. Their parents didn’t talk about it, their schools didn’t teach them. And so they are not in a position to teach their own kids.
So the second best place to start investing, is when you become in the workforce. When you are 22 years old and you work for the corporation that offers a 401K. In fact, our studies show that that’s really when people begin to learn to invest, but then it is up to the corporation to provide financial education, literacy and encourage their employees to take advantage of this retirement vehicle.
Question: What approach should young people take towards investing?
Carrie Schwab: Because young people have more time to weather the ups and downs of the stock market, they are in a much better position to take on more risk. With little more risk, get a little more reward. And that would be a reason to take on more risk.
But again it really depend on how much you can stomach it. Can you sleep at night when there are bigger dips in the market. Because if you do have a bigger percentage of stocks in your portfolio, and we have a big down market, that your portfolio is going to react more so than say if you had less stock and more bonds.
But again, over the long term, history shows that if you take on a little more risk, you are going to get more return. But keep in mind there is a sweet spot, where if you take on a little bit too much risk, you are not going to get that much more return.
Consider at the very least, I am going to say for a young person in their 20s, I would say, and again it is very personal, at least 80% in a diversified stock portfolio for their retirement accoun, or for those account that they know they are not going to touch, and they are going to build upon over, say, the next 40 years.
Recorded on: March 27, 2008