Roger Martin has served as Dean of the Rotman School of Management since September 1, 1998. He is an advisor on strategy to the CEO’s of several major global corporations. He writes extensively on design and is a regular columnist for BusinessWeek.com’s Innovation and Design Channel. He is also a regular contributor to Washington Post’s On Leadership blog and to Financial Times’ Judgment Call column. He has published several books, including: The Design of Business: Why Design Thinking is the Next Competitive Advantage (2009), The Opposable Mind: How Successful Leaders Win Through Integrative Thinking (2007), The Responsibility Virus: How Control Freaks, Shrinking Violets-and The Rest Of Us-Can Harness The Power Of True Partnership (2002), and The Future of the MBA: Designing the Thinker of the Future, (with Mihnea Moldoveanu, 2008) and Dia-Minds (with Moldoveanu, 2010).
In 2009, Roger Martin was named one of the top 50 management thinkers in the world by The Times of London.
In 2007 he was named a Business Week ‘B-School All-Star’ for being one of the 10 most influential business professors in the world.
He serves on the Boards of Thomson Reuters Corporation and Research in Motion and is chair of Tennis Canada.
He received his AB from Harvard College, with a concentration in Economics, in 1979 and his MBA from the Harvard Business School in 1981.
Roger Martin: There is a crisis of meaning in the world of business, especially for millenials. They’re asking the question, "Why am I doing this?" And I think businesses are not providing great answers to those questions, and I think that’s why you’re getting more and more talented millenials picking a career that is non-business or quasi-business in part for foundation or some NGO. And I think it’s partially tied into this whole shareholder value maximization theory.
It simply is not inspiring to tell a millennial, "You’re coming to our company, and you know what our company’s goal is? To maximize shareholder value." And the millennial will ask, "Well, who are these shareholders?" And if the company is answering truthfully they’ll say, "Actually we have no clue. Most of our shareholders are people like Fidelity and California State Pension Plan, CalPERS, and actually they’re just representing somebody else that we don’t even know." And then the millenial might ask, "Well, you know, how long do these shareholders stay around?" And again, the company would have to truthfully answer, "Well, actually they don’t. They trade their shares numerous times. Our share register turns over kind of at least once a year if not more often, so we actually don’t know who they are, and they don’t stay around for long." And the millennial might ask, "Well, so do we have discussions with these shareholders? Do we have conversations about kind of what they want?" "Well, no, we don’t actually. We have conversations with the analysts who report to represent the shareholders in some fashion or provide advice to them, but we actually don’t actually talk to the shareholders either."
And so the millennial says, “Okay, so let me get this straight. I'm supposed to come to work for you and work every day with the singular goal of maximizing the value of faceless, nameless people who can blow us off in a nanosecond if they had a bad hair day? Am I right thus far?” The truthful answer is, yes. And the millenials are just saying, “Like, you got to be kidding me. Seriously? . . . Now if you told me you want to make better products in an environmentally responsible way that make the consumers' lives better off, that I could get excited about. But you’ve told me something that's ridiculous, that’s absolutely ridiculous. How could you possibly be motivated by that?” And I think the answer is, nobody is motivated by that.
Directed by Jonathan Fowler
Produced by Elizabeth Rodd