Jakub Grygiel looks at the study of classical history and comes up with eleven reasons why writers like Herodotus and Thucydides are still vital in a modern education. The writers are "refreshing because these works do not simplify human affairs to logical models. These books are full of contrasts and contradictions, showing above all that not everything can be understood. Human affairs cannot be fully understood through a single lens, whether politics or economics; we are often at the mercy of incomprehensible and uncontrollable forces. Events can sometimes only be appreciated when taken as they are."