One minute you're the CEO of one of the most powerful Internet companies in the world, the next you're a "moral pygmy" being disgraced by media publications all over the world. Reputation on the Internet can be difficult to measure, and even more difficult to protect. The "moral pygmy" quote came during a congressional hearing in Washington, DC that looked into Yahoo's dealings in China and the company's willingness to identify a Yahoo account holder to the Chinese government. A Congressman from California had particularly strong words for Yahoo co-founder and CEO Jerry Yang and his legal sidekick (Michael Callahan): "While technologically and financially you are giants, morally you are pygmies. This testimony has been an appallingly disappointing performance."
The outrage over Yahoo's dealings in China all started when it turned over information about a Chinese political dissident to the Chinese government:
"Yang and Callahan were battered with criticism from both Democrats and Republicans over the case of Shi Tao, a reporter accused by Chinese authorities of leaking state secrets abroad and sentenced last April to 10 years in prison. Shi's crime was to forward to foreign human rights groups an email from Chinese government authorities that directed journalists to avoid coverage of the 15th anniversary of the Chinese army killings of pro-democracy protesters near Tiananmen Square in 1989, said Lantos, a California Democrat.
At Tuesday's hearing, Yang apologised to the committee and to Shi's family, and said Yahoo was doing what it could to help get Shi released. With members of Shi's family seated behind him among the spectators, Yang told the committee that Yahoo did not know that the personal information sought by the Chinese government involved a political dissident when its China office turned over the data."
It's what I would call the "Moral Pygmy" problem on the Internet. Companies can not afford to be anonymous on the Internet, but their detractors can. About ten years ago, there was a famous Larry Lessig cartoon that showed a small dog seated next to a PC: "On the Internet, nobody knows you're a dog." Well, I would tweak that cartoon to the following: "On the Internet, anybody can call you a moral pygmy."
The good news for Yahoo, at least, is that it recently sold its Yahoo China subsidiary to Chinese internet company Alibaba.com in exchange for a 40% stake in Alibaba. As of yesterday, when Alibaba had a spectacular IPO, that stake just tripled in value.
[image: Jerry Yang]