Music is fairly unique in that, unlike most other endevours, the process is the product. When we hear a piece of music well performed we ascribe to the performer an understanding of what he/she is doing. Music theory is simply the understanding of music, and to the extent that it accurately reflects the inner workings of the process it is the product itself. Unfortunately, traditional music theory reflects the process of written (i.e. art) music which is rapidly becoming a lost art as the general population becomes more and more musically illitarate. Traditional music theory does a very poor job of illuminating the process of listening or performing and for this reason it should be replaced by a more up-to-date system. While this may seem like 'pie in the sky' musicological research has actually been bandying about such theories for years but the music exam systems are to entrenched to move on from their very outdated and philosophically suspect practices.