What is Big Think?  

We are Big Idea Hunters…

We live in a time of information abundance, which far too many of us see as information overload. With the sum total of human knowledge, past and present, at our fingertips, we’re faced with a crisis of attention: which ideas should we engage with, and why? Big Think is an evolving roadmap to the best thinking on the planet — the ideas that can help you think flexibly and act decisively in a multivariate world.

A word about Big Ideas and Themes — The architecture of Big Think

Big ideas are lenses for envisioning the future. Every article and video on bigthink.com and on our learning platforms is based on an emerging “big idea” that is significant, widely relevant, and actionable. We’re sifting the noise for the questions and insights that have the power to change all of our lives, for decades to come. For example, reverse-engineering is a big idea in that the concept is increasingly useful across multiple disciplines, from education to nanotechnology.

Themes are the seven broad umbrellas under which we organize the hundreds of big ideas that populate Big Think. They include New World Order, Earth and Beyond, 21st Century Living, Going Mental, Extreme Biology, Power and Influence, and Inventing the Future.

Big Think Features:

12,000+ Expert Videos


Browse videos featuring experts across a wide range of disciplines, from personal health to business leadership to neuroscience.

Watch videos

World Renowned Bloggers


Big Think’s contributors offer expert analysis of the big ideas behind the news.

Go to blogs

Big Think Edge


Big Think’s Edge learning platform for career mentorship and professional development provides engaging and actionable courses delivered by the people who are shaping our future.

Find out more

Only a Monster Never Gives Up Hope

May 31, 2011, 12:20 PM

Among the appalling sights Primo Levi witnessed at Auschwitz was the fervent prayer of a prisoner grateful to be spared the ovens. "I see and hear old Kuhn praying aloud," Levi wrote, "with his beret on his head, swaying backwards and forwards violently. Kuhn is thanking God because he has not been chosen." Levi was as baffled as he was angry: "Does Kuhn not understand that what has happened today is an abomination, which no propitiatory prayer, no pardon, no expiation by the guilty, which nothing at all in the power of man can ever clean again? If I was God, I would spit at Kuhn's prayer." I thought of Levi the other day, watching the Donmar Warehouse's fine production of King Lear. I've never been at ease with the character of Edgar, the "good" son who save his father (twice) from suicide and despair. Edgar has, at the end, an aspect of Kuhn. And Shakespeare knew it.

When you read the play in high school you learn that Edgar is pure and good. With his "foolish honesty," he's done out of his inheritance by the schemes of his bastard half-brother Edmund. Hunted for a crime he didn't commit, Edgar disguises himself as a madman and, twice, leads his blinded old father away from thoughts of suicide. It's Edgar who believes always that "the gods are just," and Edgar who says the famous lines "Men must endure/Their going hence, even as their coming hither./ Ripeness is all." We must, he says, have faith, and trust in good. He never seems to grasp that some abominations shouldn't be endured—that there is a point where respect for the gods becomes contempt for people. Such true believers may be necessary to see communities through the worst times. But they are, in their indifference to suffering, monsters.

I think it's significant, then, that when King Lear begins to die before the bodies of all his daughters, it is Edgar who tries to stop him, crying "look up, my Lord." Aesthetically and morally, Lear has earned this death; he needs to go. Edgar's act is literally ugly, and his compassion is revealed to be fanaticism. Shakespeare makes the truly noble Kent intervene to stop the commissar of virtue: "Vex not his ghost: O, let him pass! he hates him much /That would upon the rack of this tough world/Stretch him out longer."

It's uncanny, as A.D. Nuttall has written, to keep finding that whatever you've thought, Shakespeare thought of it first. But there it is. In the 17th century, he seems to have intuited that type of the 20th century religion and politics, the person whose faith is insane, and whose compassion is without mercy.

Illustration: Lear and Cordelia in Prison. William Blake, via Wikimedia.


Only a Monster Never Gives ...

Newsletter: Share: